Suffolk County, located in the easternmost end of the New York City metropolitan area, is the second largest of the 62 counties in New York State. With a total area of 2,373 square miles and 980 miles of coastline, it is home to a diverse economy and several scientific research facilities. The county is divided into two peninsulas, North Fork and South Fork, and is surrounded by water on three sides. According to the Census Bureau, 26.10% of the population was under 18 years of age, 7.60% were 18 to 24 years old, 31.20% were 25 to 44, 23.30% were 45 to 64, and 11.80% were over 65 years of age.
The average age was 36 years. The county is home to Stony Brook University in Stony Brook and Farmingdale State College in Farmingdale. Police services in the five western cities (Babylon, Huntington, Islip, Smithtown, and Brookhaven) are primarily provided by the Suffolk County Police Department. The five East End cities (Riverhead, Southold, Shelter Island, East Hampton and Southampton) maintain their own police and other law enforcement agencies. In addition, there are several towns that maintain their own police forces.
After the dissolution of the Long Island Parkway State Police in 1980, all state highways in Suffolk County became the responsibility of Troop L of the New York State Police. State parks are the responsibility of the New York State Parks Police, based in Belmont Lake State Park. In 1996, the Long Island Railroad Police Department was consolidated into the Metropolitan Transportation Authority Police. Since the New York State Legislature created the State University of New York Police in 1999, he has been in charge of all law enforcement services for the properties and campuses of the State University of New York. This includes Fire Island and parts of the Jones Island barrier beaches and the islands of the Greater South Bay. The District Court and the municipal and rural courts are the local courts in Suffolk County.
There are more than 30 local courts, each with limited geographical, criminal and civil jurisdiction. Local criminal courts have first-instance jurisdiction over misdemeanors, offenses, and offenses; preliminary jurisdiction over serious crimes; and traffic tickets that charge a crime. Local civil courts schedule small claims, evictions and civil actions. The Fire Island Lighthouse was an important landmark for many transatlantic ships that arrived in New York Harbor in the early 20th century. For many European immigrants, it was their first glimpse of land when they arrived in America.
Fire Island's Robert Moses Inlet Causeway section connects to Robert Moses State Park at its western end. After crossing its 203 m (665 ft) long tilting bridge, it meets Ocean Parkway at a cloverleaf crossing. Suffolk County has 15 lighthouses still standing - more than any other county in America - with eight located in Southold Township alone. Gardiners Island is an island located between North Fork and South Fork that has been owned by one family for nearly 400 years; it is one of the largest privately-owned islands in either America or the world. Robins Island is an island located between Peconic Bay and Shelter Island Sound. So how do Suffolk County's policies compare to those of its neighboring counties? To answer this question we must look at how each county's policies differ from one another on a scale from zero to 100 - with 100 indicating total segregation - which indicates higher segregation levels; any score above 60 indicates high segregation levels. Suffolk County's policies are similar to those found throughout Long Island; however each county has its own unique set of laws that must be taken into consideration when comparing policies.
For example, while Suffolk County has its own police force for its five western cities (Babylon, Huntington, Islip, Smithtown, and Brookhaven), its five East End cities (Riverhead, Southold, Shelter Island, East Hampton and Southampton) maintain their own police forces as well as other law enforcement agencies. In terms of state parks and highways within Suffolk County's jurisdiction, these are managed by different agencies than those found in neighboring counties; for example state parks are managed by the New York State Parks Police while highways are managed by Troop L of the New York State Police. Overall Suffolk County's policies are similar to those found throughout Long Island; however there are some differences between Suffolk County's policies and those found in neighboring counties that must be taken into consideration when comparing policies.